How does Horizon Europe support biodiversity?
The EU’s research and innovation programme, Horizon Europe (2021-2027), dedicates funding to protecting and restoring ecosystems and biodiversity and managing sustainably natural resources on land and at sea, and achieving climate neutrality and adaptation.
Through its work programmes, Horizon Europe contributes to the efforts in filling the existing scientific and knowledge gaps on biodiversity by providing funding in the following areas
- understanding biodiversity decline, and addressing its main drivers
- valuing and restoring biodiversity and ecosystem services
- managing biodiversity in primary production
- enabling transformative change on biodiversity
- interconnecting biodiversity research and supporting policies
- understanding the nexus between biodiversity and health
European Biodiversity Partnership (Biodiversa+)
The co-funded European Biodiversity Partnership (Biodiversa+) supports excellent research on biodiversity with an impact for policy and society. It was jointly developed by BiodivERsA and the European Commission and was officially launched on 1 October 2021. The Partnership currently gathers 74 research programmers and funders and environmental policy actors from 36 European and associated countries, and aims to connect science, policy and practice for transformative change (e.g. see the Biodiversa+ policy briefs).
Biodiversa+ is part of the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 that aims to put Europe’s biodiversity on a path to recovery by 2030. European Partnerships such as Biodiversa+ bring the European Commission and private and/or public partners together to address some of Europe’s most pressing challenges through concerted research and innovation initiatives. They are a key implementation tool of Horizon Europe, and contribute significantly to achieving the EU’s political priorities.
Biodiversa+ will be running for 7 years, with a total budget of €800 million, including member-state contributions. Over this time, the Partnership plans to launch six co-funded joint research calls with an estimated budget of around €250 million.
The 5 main objectives of the partnership are to:
- plan and support research and innovation on biodiversity through a shared strategy, annual joint calls for research projects and capacity building activities
- 2et up a network of harmonised schemes to improve monitoring of biodiversity and ecosystem services across Europe
- contribute to high-end knowledge for deploying nature-based solutions and valuation of biodiversity in the private sector
- ensure efficient science-based support for policy-making and implementation in Europe
- strengthen the relevance and impact of pan-European research on biodiversity in a global context
The EU missions, in particular the mission on adaptation to climate change that aims to accelerate the systemic transformation, will also play an important role in testing, deploying and scaling up nature-based solutions and restoring biodiversity as core elements of this transformation.
How much will be spent?
The EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 stipulates an increase in the budget for biodiversity in the EU’s research and innovation programme Horizon Europe compared to its predecessor Horizon 2020.
The European Commission has committed to dedicate 7.5% of its Multi-Annual Financial Framework’s total budget over the period 2021-2027 to biodiversity objectives as of 2024 and to increase this to 10% in 2026 and 2027.
What was done in Horizon 2020?
The EU has invested in biodiversity-related areas under the research and innovation programme, 2014-2020 Horizon 2020. Its 2018-2020 work programme includes actions on the interplay between climate change, biodiversity and ecosystem services, monitoring biodiversity, understanding and protecting pollinators, fighting plastic pollution and improving air and health through investing in nature-based solutions.
Through Horizon 2020, over 70 cities have been involved in nature-based solution demonstration projects.
The EU also supported biodiversity research through the predecessor of the co-funded European Biodiversity Partnership (Biodiversa+), which coordinated national research programmes across Europe and organised international funding for biodiversity research projects on a competitive basis.
Call for green projects
The Horizon 2020 Green Deal call was launched in September 2020, the last and biggest call under the programme. Through this call, more than €80 million are invested in restoring biodiversity and ecosystem services at scale to enable transformative change. The four projects funded under this call are MERLIN, REST-COAST,SUPERB, and WaterLANDS.
Other areas on climate and food systems are relevant for biodiversity and to mainstream biodiversity into cross-sectorial policies, and on bringing knowledge together on pandemics and biodiversity.
European research supports global biodiversity policy
Follow the latest progress and get involved.
- News article
The EU Partnership Biodiversa+ has launched a call for research proposals on “Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) for biodiversity, human well-being and transformative change”.
- News article
EU representation at the 10th Plenary of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)
The 10th Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) Plenary will take place in Bonn, Germany.
- News article
European Biodiversity Partnership launches a new research call on transnational biodiversity monitoring
The European Biodiversity Partnership Biodiversa+ has launched a call for research proposals on “Improved transnational monitoring of biodiversity and ecosystem change for science and society”