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Research and innovation

Open Science

An approach to the scientific process that focuses on spreading knowledge as soon as it is available using digital and collaborative technology. Expert groups, publications, news and events.

The EU's open science policy

Open Science is at the centre of European research policy. Policies, initiatives and structures are developed and implemented to open up European science and research to make them more efficient and productive, seamless, transparent and robust as well as responsive to policy and society needs and expectations.

The objective is to bring Europe to the best position to reap the benefits of Open Science by opening up the research system between scientists and between disciplines, as well as towards society as a whole. Open Science facilitates sharing and collaboration, thereby accelerating the discovery process, improving research quality, and making science more impactful and central to human and societal development. 

This requires bringing down barriers, developing incentives, and enabling data-intensive science and massive knowledge sharing, as well as promoting a scientific approach in public debate. Embracing Open Science as the modus operandi of research requires improving the wide range of practices that comprise Open Science and developing the enablers for it. 

Open Science practices

Notable Open Science practices include:

  • early and open sharing of research: 
    • pre-registration, registered reports, data deposition in shared repositories, pre-prints
    • open collaboration within science and with other knowledge producers/users
  • providing immediate and unrestricted open access to scientific publications, research data, models, algorithms, software, protocols, notebooks, workflows, and all other research outputs 
  • ensuring verifiability and reproducibility of research outputs
  • practicing responsible research output management (publications, data, and other outputs) in line with the FAIR (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable) principles
  • promoting public engagement in research and innovation, bolstering citizen science and enhancing public trust in science

Open Science enablers

Notable Open Science enablers include: