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Research and innovation


Why the EU supports bioenergy research and innovation

Bioenergy is the conversion of biomass - such as agricultural and forest by-products and residues, organic municipal waste, energy crops, algae, biological CO2 - into useful energy carriers including heat, electricity and transport fuels.

Bioenergy is the main source of renewable energy in the EU, with a share of almost 60%.

The EU has leadership in bioenergy technologies, but deployment remains limited.


  • improving the technology in terms of efficiency and cost reduction
  • developing reliable, integrated bioenergy supply chains from feedstock cultivation, harvesting, transport, storage to conversion into heat, electricity and transport fuels
  • integrating bioenergy in the overall energy system


  • bioenergy and biofuels are essential for both energy use and as energy carriers
  • the market for advanced biofuels is growing because of their large renewable energy density
  • because they are compatible with existing engines, drop-in biofuels are the only deployable solution for replacing petroleum in transport in the mid-term, and in sectors like aviation and shipping in the long-term as well
  • research and innovation can improve the cost, performance, and sustainability needed to make bioenergy competitive

Research focuses on

  • technology improvement and diversification
  • feedstock diversification
  • modernising and improving efficiency of biomass based heat and power co-generation
  • market uptake measures for all technologies, in particular aviation, shipping and heavy duty road
  • breakthrough research and market-creating innovation (e.g. bionic leaf technology)
  • coordinating EU research and innovation funding and risk financing to boost commercialisation
  • integration of bioenergy in the overall energy system
  • international cooperation to tackle global societal challenges

Funding opportunities

Horizon Europe

Calls for proposal on bioeconomy-related themes in Horizon Europe and information on the work programme.

NER 300 programme

Funding for innovative low-carbon technology research with focus on environmentally safe Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and innovative renewable energy technologies


The LIFE Programme is the EU’s funding instrument for the environment and climate action.

Projects and results

Horizon Magazine

Latest news, interviews and features about thought-provoking science and innovative research projects funded by the EU.

Horizon Results Platform

Platform where framework programme participants present their results for you to search, contact their owners, and form partnerships.

Horizon 2020 dashboard

Access to real-time programme data with the ability to filter by country, region, theme and more

Collaboration and jobs

Scientific publications, tools and databases

Scientific publications

Scientific energy research publications published by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC)

EU Open Data Portal

Single point of access to open data produced by the EU institutions - all data free to use for commercial and non-commercial purposes


You can access all scientific publications from Horizon 2020 via OpenAIRE


  • News article

EU Biorefinery Outlook to 2030

Studies on support to research and innovation policy in the area of bio-based products and services